Multi-Task Learning of Graph-based Inductive Representations of Music Content

Abstract

Music streaming platforms rely heavily on learning meaningful representations of tracks to surface apt recommendations to users in a number of different use cases. In this work, we consider the task of learning music track representations by leveraging three rich heterogeneous sources of information: (i) organizational information (e.g., playlist co-occurrence), (ii) content information (e.g., audio and acoustics), and (iii) music stylistics (e.g., genre). We advocate for a multi-task formulation of graph representation learning, and propose MUSIG: Multi-task Sampling and Inductive learning on Graphs. MUSIG allows us to derive generalized track representations that combine the benefits offered by (i) the inductive graph based framework, which generates embeddings by sampling and aggregating features from a node’s local neighborhood, as well as, (ii) multi-task training of aggregation functions, which ensures the learnt functions perform well on a number of important tasks. We present large scale empirical results for track recommendation for the playlist completion task, and compare different classes of representation learning approaches, including collaborative filtering, word2vec and node embeddings, as well as graph embedding approaches. Our results demonstrate that considering content information (i.e., audio and acoustic features) is useful and that multi-task supervision helps learn better representations.

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