The Contribution of Lyrics and Acoustics to Collaborative Understanding of Mood


In this work, we study the association between song lyrics and mood through a data-driven analysis. Our data set consists of nearly one million songs, with song-mood associations derived from user playlists on the Spotify streaming platform. We take advantage of state-of-the-art natural language processing models based on transformers to learn the association between the lyrics and moods. We find that a pretrained transformer-based language model in a zero-shot setting — i.e., out of the box with no further training on our data — is powerful for capturing song-mood associations. Moreover, we illustrate that training on song-mood associations results in a highly accurate model that predicts these associations for unseen songs. Furthermore, by comparing the prediction of a model using lyrics with one using acoustic features, we observe that the relative importance of lyrics for mood prediction in comparison with acoustics depends on the specific mood. Finally, we verify if the models are capturing the same information about lyrics and acoustics as humans through an annotation task where we obtain human judgments of mood-song relevance based on lyrics and acoustics.


April 2022 | The Web Conference (WWW)

Sequential Recommendation via Stochastic Self-Attention

Ziwei Fan, Zhiwei Liu, Alice Wang, Zahra Nazari, Lei Zheng, Hao Peng, Philip S. Yu

April 2022 | The Web Conference (WWW)

Using Survival Models to Estimate Long-Term Engagement in Online Experiments

Praveen Chandar, Brian St. Thomas, Lucas Maystre, Vijay Pappu, Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda, Tiffany Wu, Ben Carterette, Mounia Lalmas, Tony Jebara

April 2022 | The Web Conference (WWW)

Choice of Implicit Signal Matters: Accounting for User Aspirations in Podcast Recommendations

Zahra Nazari, Praveen Chandar, Ghazal Fazelnia, Catie Edrwards, Ben Carterette, Mounia Lalmas